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How to manage your passwords

Password managers are used to keep all your passwords safe. They store and manage all your passwords, so you don’t need to try to memorize a bunch of unique, complex passwords for all of your personal and work accounts. You only need to remember one password, the one to your password manager. They can generate complex passwords for you. You can also set your password manager to log in to sites automatically.

There are many password managers and not all password managers are created equal:

Virtual keyboards may be used in some cases to reduce the risk of keystroke logging. Keystroke logging is the act of recording key presses on a keyboard.

LastPass

  1. Create a strong master password.
  2. Set up SMS Account Recovery and multifactor authentication. Open your LastPass Vault. Account Settings. 2.1 SMS Account Recovery. 2.2 Multifactor Options (LastPass Authenticator, Google Authenticator, Microsoft Authenticator, etc.).
  3. Restrict LastPass Access to Specific Countries: Account Setting, Show Advanced Settings, Only allow login from selected countries.
  4. Store Secure Notes (templates): Driver’s License, Wi-Fi passwords, credit card numbers, social security cards, passports, etc.
  5. Form Fills. LastPass can remember and fill in name, birth date, gender, mailing address, email address, phone number, credit card information, social security number, etc.
LastPass

LastPass

Pass

Pass is a simple, lightweight, command-line password manager built with the Unix philosophy in mind. It keeps passwords inside gpg2 encrypted files inside a tree residing at ~/.password-store. It maybe the only free password manager you’ll need. Pass is a simple, lightweight, command-line password manager

Pass is a simple, lightweight, command-line password manager

If you don’t like the terminal, QtPass is a multi-platform GUI for pass.

  1. Please select what kind of key you want: (1) RSA and RSA (default)
  2. What key size do you want? (3072 or 4096)
  3. Please specify how long the key should be valid. 0 = key does not expire.
  4. Name and email address.
  5. A secure passphrase.
> gpg --list-secret-keys --keyid-format LONG
~/.gnupg/pubring.kbx
---------------------------------
sec   rsa3072/YOUR_KEY_ID 2022-05-17 [SC]
      04FA2365C1C45DA77CC34611YOUR_KEY_ID
uid                 [ultimate] YourName <YourEmail>
ssb   rsa3072/D8E947D170DF786E 2022-05-17 [E]
> pass find amazon
Search Terms: amazon
└── Root
    ├── Ocio
    │   └── amazon.es
  1. It is available in the Arch User Repository: yay -S pass-import
  2. Migration from KeePassXC. Export the database to CSV. Launch KeePassXC: Database, Export to CSV File
  3. pass import keepassxc /path_database/database.csv
bindsym $mod+Shift+y exec rofi-pass
gpg --export-secret-keys <KEY_ID> > my_private_key.asc
gpg --import my_private_key.asc
  1. Create a private repository. Create a new repository. Repository name: pass. Visibility level: Private.
  2. Initialize it locally: pass git init
  3. Add the remote origin: pass git remote add origin https://github.com/nmaximo7/pass.git
  4. Push your pass store to the remote repository: pass git push -u –all. Username: yourUserName. Password: yourPersonalAccessToken. You need to have or create a personal access token (PAT).
  1. Install BrowserPass - native messaging host, it is a host application for browserpass browser extension providing it access to your password store, sudo pacman -S browserpass
  2. You also need Browserpass - browser extension, a browser extension for pass.

KeePassXC

KeePassXC is a free cross-platform password manager.

  1. Installation. KeePassXC. macOS: brew install ‐‐cask keepassxc. Debian, Ubuntu: sudo apt install keepassxc. Arch: sudo pacman -S keepassxc
  2. Export LastPass Vault’s data. A. Using Firefox, go to LastPass: Advanced, Export, LastPass CSV File and save it as a CSV file. B Import it in KeePassXC: Database, Import, CSV File. Database Name: Passwords. Save it (Passwords.kdbx) in Google Drive/Dropbox/etc. Import CSV Fields. Check column association (Username: Column3, Password: Column 4, URL: Column 5, etc. it may vary).
  3. Use it in your favorite browser. Launch KeePassXC, select the Settings option or the cog wheel icon from the Tools menu, and then, Browser Integration, Enable browser integration. In the General tab: Enable integration for these browsers: Chrome, Firefox, Brave, etc. Open your browser, install the extension KeePassXC-Browser, and connect it to KeePassXC. Give the connection a unique name, then click on Save and allow access.
  4. Use KeePassXC in your phone, too. Install the Keepass2Android Password Safe app. Open file…, Google Drive/Dropbox/etc., Select Passwords.kdbx, Type your Master Key.
  5. Set up 2FA TOP with KeepassXC. Right-click on any entry, TOTP, Set up TOTP and copy the TOTP code, e.g., Twitter: More, Settings and privacy, Security, Two-factor authentication, Check authentication app, Can’t scan QR code. To view it, right-click on the entry, TOTP, Show TOTP. To transfer it to Google Authenticator. Select the entry that contains the secret key, TOTP, Show QR Code.

You can always use a QR scanner app or zbar. ZBar is an open source software suite for reading bar codes from various sources.

  sudo pacman -S zbar # 1. Install the zbar package (Arch). sudo apt-get install zbar-tools (Ubuntu, Debian,  or similar) 
  zbarimg $ ~/codigoqr.png # 2. Decode the QR code
  You will get something like:
  QR-Code:otpauth://totp/Google%3Anmaximo7%40gmail.com?secret=THIS-IS-YOUR-TOTP-CODE&issuer=Google
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