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Using articles II: the.

Articles show whether we are talking about things that are known both to the speaker and to the listener (“definitive”), or that are not known to them both (“indefinite”). The articles in English grammar are “the” and “a/an”. There are two indefinite articles in the English language, “a” and “an”. Definite Article (the)

Definite Article (the)

The definite article (“the”) is used before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific or particular. It signals that the noun is definite, that is known to both the speaker and the listener, such as let’s go to the cinema and he is the best dad in the world.

On the contrary, the article is not used when we are talking about things or people in general, as I love cosmetics, doctors are more likely to be depressed, and dogs are smarter than cats. The is not used with non-countable nouns (cheese, life, coffee) referring to something in a general sense. For example, I hate cheese, life is very short, and coffee is very popular in Japan.

Do not use ’the':

The United Kingdom is made up of four constituent states: England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland

The United Kingdom is made up of four constituent states: England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland

The Great Lakes are the largest body of freshwater in the world.

The Great Lakes are the largest body of freshwater in the world.

The Alps are the highest mountain range in Europe.

The Alps are the highest mountain range in Europe.

American football is the most popular sport in the United States.

American football is the most popular sport in the United States.

Use ’the':

The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world.

The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world.

The violin is the undisputed leader of the orchestra

The violin is the undisputed leader of the orchestra

Please, make sure that you have really understood this article with our Quiz.

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