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Present Simple

English is the official universal language. It is, by far, the language of international trade, finance, diplomacy, etc. It is used not only in English spoken countries, such as Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and The United Kingdom but worldwide. It has a rich vocabulary, with many words borrowed from other languages. It is also one of the easiest languages to learn because: (1) its widespread use in many countries; (2) its alphabet only consists of 26 letter; (3) its relatively simple grammar; (4) the vast selection of English resources to learn from, including TV shows, radio, movies, videogames, music, podcasts, books, apps, and websites.

Language is fluid and constantly evolves and, as such, it grows and changes over time. Grammar is the rationale of a language; usage is its etiquette, and master grammar is not easy. Grammar is the system of a language, the body of rules that describe the structure of sentences, phrases, clauses, and words in any given language. The present simple tense follows this structure/formula: Subject + Verb

The present simple tense follows this structure/formula: Subject + Verb

The present simple is a verb tense that is mainly used to describe actions or states that are currently happening or are always true. It follows this structure: Subject + Verb (the root or base form of the verb) + rest of the sentence, e.g., I get up at seven o’clock every day, we play tennis or I speak French. We add –s to the verb to form the third person singular (he, she, it), such as “She loves him” or “He likes watching comedies.”

The present simple is used to:

We use the auxiliary do/does in questions and negative sentences, e.g., “Do you live in Paris?”, “She does not eat cookies”.

Negatives in the simple present are formed by adding do/does not (don’t or doesn’t) before the simple form of the verb. Present Simple Negative Form: Subject + do / does not + simple form of the verb + rest of the sentence, such as “He does not like her,” “I do not need his money,” or “she does not eat any carrots.”

Questions are also created by putting the auxiliary do/does before the subject. Present Simple Question Form: Question word (What / When / Where / Why / How) + do/does + Subject + the simple form of the verb + ?, such as “Where do you work?,” “Does she speak German?,” “How do you say hello in Italian?,” or “Do you like pop music?”.

Be careful, we use does for the third person singular (he, she, it) and do for the others, e.g., What does the future look like?, Who does she think she is?, What does she think about me?, What do you do for a living?

When you want to make affirmative sentences in the third-person singular, don’t forget that you need to add the third person “s” to the main verb, e.g., “Snakes hiss,” “The snake hisses before striking a prey.”

Third person singular forms: she/he/it + verb[s]. Third person singular spelling:

Please, make sure that you have really understood it with our Quiz

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